We are limited! By time – by people – by budget. I think every church is. Still we want to create an environment where people feel drawn to God and where they begin to worship him. And we want to constantly improve on doing this. And you should too, shouldn’t you? We have an attendance of 300 people week by week and we run two services. We only rent our location.
For years we struggled utilizing the time given to us. People nocked on the doors while we still rehearsed. Two hours between the opening of the venue and the start of the worship service was just too tight. But we learned how to optimize our team, our systems and our equipment to setup everything within 45 minutes and have a bit more than an hour to rehearse – and so can you.
In this article I show you how we implemented a good preparation routine to optimize our setup time and our sound and visual experience.
I’m not sure if we reached the end goal. We try to constantly improve things, extending our capabilities whilst keeping setup time at the same level. Therefore I will keep this article up to date whenever we found an even better solution. And for this reason I’m very happy for any comment or questions you have for our approach. Thus check out our comments section at the end of this article.
Step 1 – Prepare the Stage
The organization of the stage begins with good planning. This planning begins before Sunday. It is important to know exactly who will be on stage where and what the musician will need.
A planning system such as Planning Center Online Services can be very helpful in planning. It can be used to plan the complete worship service, schedule musicians and support their rehearsals, e.g. by providing the sheet music or chord sheets of the songs as well as YouTube or Spotify links to the originals.
We made great experience with the Worship Coordinator creating a stage plan as shown below:
The Producer for next Sunday will then take it and transfer the stage plan into a table and plan how we cable instruments and other microphones. We use the same template every week, so this step is done in seconds. In this template we also enter which musician gets which In Ear Monitor.
On the picture we have highlighted the Multi Core cables (front = orange, left = yellow and right = green). For each instrument or singer the wiring is now documented, i.e. at which input the corresponding cable is to be plugged.
A power socket is also provided on each multicore cable so that the instruments can be supplied with sufficient power.
We always schedule a Stage Manager who is responsible for providing the technical equipment for the stage. He sets up the PA, sets up and connects the technical cabinet, lays out the power and multi-core cables and provides some cables for the band.
Based on the stage plan, musicians and singers can now set up and wire their instruments independently, and they can select their In Ear Monitor body pack. In this way we have many helping hands and the stage is ready quickly.
Step 2 – Prepare your Sound Board
The sound board is the heart of the production. All signals created during a production are going into the sound board. All mixes distributed somewhere are coming from the sound board.
The latter might be a surprise for some people because the only mix they are hearing is the mix in the house. But in most production environments we have way more mixes. We have a monitoring system so the band can hear each other well, we might have a recording or even a live stream of the service, we might have a nursery room, we might have a translation system in place and the interpreter listening closely to what’s happening on the stage.
Every single mix should come from your sound board. Some churches with a certain budget have dedicated mixing consoles for specific purposes. Our mother church in California has a mixing console for the mix in the house, another mixing console just for the In Ear monitoring mixes and another mixing console just for the broadcast of the service to our other domestic campuses.
If you do not have the budget or the team to do this, you can still create a great experience by just using one sound board. The key is to prepare it well.
Use a digital console
I recommend using a digital board because nowadays it is not expensive anymore and the benefits you get from it are just tremendous. I will write a dedicated article just on that topic.
For now we assume you have a digital console in place. One of the advantages of a digital sound board is most of them come with an app which you can install on your computer. You can then use this app to prepare the layout of your sound board and load all relevant presets.
Create your basic setup file for your console
You should have a main scene file that includes all of the basic settings and configurations. This includes the routing, the settings for the outputs, the setup of mix groups and DCA’s as well as some basic organization of the sound board itself.
A basic structure of the channels might be to use channel 1-5 for singers, 6-10 for guitars, 11-14 for other instruments, 15 and 16 for people making announcements or saying a welcome, 17-22 for your drums, and so on.
You should have a basic structure and stick to it as often as possible. It will be much easier for the team to manage the board if the structure stays the same.
Save presets files – reuse and optimize them constantly
For every single instrument and vocalist save the settings in a preset file. The sound board can store those presets locally on the console and most of them also can store them on a USB stick or an external drive.
Save the complete channel setup in your preset file:
- Equalizer settings
- Dynamic settings
- Sends and their configuration
- Even the label of the channel
Just everything. And every time you changed something significantly on a channel and you think you improved the sound – save the preset again.
This way you constantly improve your sound and you make your setup easy.
At Saddleback Berlin we even go a step further. We store all preset files on a Github repository. This way the preset files are version controlled. Every time we save a new version of a preset file we add a commit message to the change to describe it.
Since we use the Behringer X32 and its preset and scene files are just simple text files it’s very easy to read them and you can compare the changes over time and make a decision if the change was worth it.
The Saddleback Berlin scene file and preset files are on Github.
Create the scene file for a Sunday
Next time you prepare your sound board you just load all the presets into the channels according to your stage layout and patch plan. If your sound board supports an offline app you can even do this already on your computer using all the previously generated preset files.
At the end of the preparation you just save the preset file on a USB stick, you take it to your sound board on Sunday, load the scene and you are ready for sound check in seconds.
Include a rough In Ear mix for the band
When you prepare your scene file you should also prepare the In Ear mixes already.
First, you name all your mix busses according to the receiver of that signal. We labelled our In Ear body packs with simple numbers from 1 to 8. Now let’s say Rick is taking In Ear 1 and Tom takes 2. I would then name the mix bus for Rick’s In Ear “1 Rick” and Tom’s “2 Tom”. As simple as that.
This makes it much easier for everyone to find the right mix bus to make adjustments. On your stage plan you also communicated the body pack number the musicians should take. So, if something goes wrong you first check if they have taken the correct body pack.
Second, during the preparation go through every In Ear mix bus and consider what that particular musician or singer might need. Most of the time they need themselves at top level (0dB) and the rest just is a matter of taste.
To make the preparation simple and easy I would put other singers on a level of -15dB and other instruments on -30dB. This is just an easy starting point and it helps the band to just start their rehearsal and sound check.
There you go, now you have a great scene file prepared for your Sunday without even having a sound board in front of you. Bring the scene file to your Sunday service and in seconds you’ll be ready and give the others mean looks why it takes them so much time to prepare their instruments 😂
Step 3 – Optimize your Equipment
This is a very complex topic, so we will dedicate a specific article just on that. But for now I want to share some practical tips to at least touch on that subject.
Use shortest cable possible and multi cores
The longer the cables the longer it will take you to unwind it and then roll it afterwards.
Therefor use patch panels and multi core cables to bring plugs close to the band. It takes time to roll those multi cores as well but if you can bring 4-12 plugs close to the musicians they need less time to walk back and forth getting in each others way. This also reduces stress a lot and makes the load simpler for everyone.
Use big cases and organize them well
As a portable church you do not want to have dozens of cases, you want as few as possible. I encourage to use huge rollable cases.
Usually those have shelves to separate areas in the case. Use them and dedicate areas for audio cables, power cables and label those areas well so that everyone ones quickly where to get certain equipment and where to put it back.
Pre cable as much as possible
Week by week the foundational equipment is always the same. So, try to pre cable those devices in a cabinet or 19 inch stage box so you make sure this cabling is already done and you do not need to revisit it week by week. This also reduces reasons for troubleshooting.
We have two cabinets, one on stage and one at the front of house.
At the front of house we pre cabled our HDMI and computer sounds (DI boxes etc.) and our translation system. We have a digital snake in that stage box so we only connect a USB C cable to the computer and an Ethernet cable to the sound board. Pretty simple.
On stage we have pre assembled to wireless In Ear transmission into the stage box and they are all connected to the digital snake. We just plug an Ethernet cable into the wall and at the front of house we have patched that plug to our sound board. Pretty simple as well.
All that to say: Search for your own ways to improve setup time, increase quality and prepare your Sunday service. Let me know what you have improved to optimize the setup at your church.
We will continue to share our experience in further stories and links to those will appear in this article as well.
If you want to move forward I highly recommend reading the following articles next:
- How we at Saddleback Berlin prepare our Sunday Services (step by step guide)
- How the worship team plays and sings at its best by hearing themselves well
- How to setup your sound board for a great worship experience
- How to choose the right sound board for your church
- How to optimize your equipment as a portable church